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 Cutting tribunals to size

Mains Paper 2: Polity | Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

From UPSC perspective, following things are important:

Prelims level: Basic knowledge of the Tribunals involved

Mains level: The entire controversy shows the non-debatable side of the Money Bills. As on the Money Bills, Lok Sabha has more power than Rajya Sabha.
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News

Context

1. The article is about the controversy over the Finance Bill, 2017

2. And the legality of the merger of several tribunals

The Finance Bill, 2017

1. It is being passed as a money bill

2. What is there in the bill: The Bill included amendments to legislation on multiple subjects, in an attempt to rationalise the functioning of multiple tribunals

Rationalisation of the Tribunals

1. Due to merger, the number of tribunals has decreased to 19 from 26

2. Merger: the Competition Appellate Tribunal will be merged with the National Company Law Tribunal

3. The Telecom Dispute Appellate Tribunal will also do the work of the Cyber Law Appellate Tribunal and and the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority Appellate Tribunal

4. The tribunal relating to the Employees’ Provident Fund will be subsumed in the Industrial Tribunal

Now, more control rests with the Central Government

1. Under the Section 184 of the Finance Act, 2017 (1) the qualifications, (2) tenure, (3) conditions of service, (4) removal and emoluments of the chairpersons and members of these tribunals will all be under the control of the Centre

Controversy

1. The Madras Bar Association has challenged in the Madras High Court the validity of the amendments in the Finance bill, 2017

2. Controversy over : The process(Implemented through the recent amendments) through which adjudicatory bodies under different laws can be abolished by a money bill

3. And, the Centre taking over the entire process of removing the presiding officers