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General Studies


Modern History of India and Indian Culture The History of Modern India will cover history of the Country from about the middle of nineteenth century and would also include questions on important personalities who shaped the freedom movement and social reforms. The part relating to Indian culture will cover all aspects of Indian culture from the ancient to modern times as well as principal features of literature, arts and architecture. This Section is one of the Core areas of Paper-I. The total number of marks allocated to this topic ranges from 140-160 marks. I.e. more than 50% of the total marks of Paper I

Current Events of National Importance  For Current National Events, the need is to read National Newspaper ‘The Hindu’ regularly. Issues such as Naxalism, Corruption, Nuclear Energy, Land Acquisition, Gender inequality, Poverty, etc. should be focused on.  Yojana and Kurukshetra are also a good source of covering this section  Civil Service times or Chronicle Should be consulted to keep oneself aware of the National Happenings.  India Year Book and Economic Survey should be selectively consulted.   How to read India Yearbook, is given in separate article  How to read The Hindu, given in earlier article  The Following chapters of India Year Book should be read: Agriculture, Education, Health and Family Welfare, Planning, Rural and Urban Development, Welfare; Along with the following chapter of Economic Survey: Human Development Equity.

Current Events of International Importance Civil Service Times and the International page of ‘The Hindu’ Newspaper and would be handy for updating yourself with International happenings. Manorama Year Book is very important for understanding of International Organizations such as UN and Regional Organizations and Blocs. For Historical Background, one can read 1. NCERT’s Political Science of XII class (Old Version) or 2. International Affairs by V.K. Khanna. Chapters related to India’s Foreign Policy should be focused on. Try to have a Deep Understanding of Important sections rather than a superficial viewpoint.
Statistics Statistics is the last section of Paper I but should be the first one to be attempted in exam. This section carries 60 marks. Statistical Analysis (Spectrum Publication) is a good book for practicing statistical problems. Time management is the most important thing in Statistics. This section should not be allocated take more than 40 minutes in the exam and as such Practicing of previous year’s paper is essential



Indian Polity Geography of Jammu and Kashmir Though this section is not a part of written syllabus, yet, 40-60 marks have been asked from the last two years in this section. One should consult 1. Geography of Jammu and Kashmir by Majid Hussain or G.N. Yatoo & CLASS NOTES OF THE MISSION

 Indian Economy  NCERT’s XIth class India’s Economic Development is essential for understanding the basics of economics along with the Structure and problems of Indian economy.  For an in-depth analysis of Indian Economy, one could rely on Uma Kapila’s Indian Economy. Ramesh Singh Selected topics Only and Shankar Ganish  For two markers Pratiyogta Darpan special issues are important.  The current happenings in Indian economy can be studied through Economic survey and the Business page of ‘The Hindu’. The Following chapters of India Year Book should be Read: Basic Economic data, Commerce, Finance, Corporate Affairs and Industry.  This part will include questions on the Constitution of India as well as all constitutional, legal,  administrative and other issues emerging from the politico-administrative system  prevalent in the country. 

Indian Polity, SHABIR SIRs CLASS NOTES  Laxmikanth’s Indian Polity  Subash Kashyap’s Our Constitution
Geography of India Questions can be asked from Physical, Economic and social Geography of India. 1. NCERT India’s Physical Geography of class XI and India’s People and Economy of class XII are enough for covering this section. 2. Non- geography optional students don’t have to go in-depth as not more than forty marks are asked from this section. 3. The Following Chapters of India Year Book should be Read: Land and the People, Energy, Industry, Transport, Water Resource From the Economic Survey, Read the chapters of Industry and Energy Infrastructure and Communications.

Science and Technology  Nearly Eighty marks can be asked from both Conventional and applied topics. One should concentrate more on Nanotechnology, Environment, Bio technology. Sci-tech column from            The Hindu, Yojana and Chronicle’s Science and Technology would be sufficient.  Following chapter of Indian Year Book should be Read: Communication and Information Technology, Defense, Environment, Mass Communication, S&T Development. Overall One Must also give more emphasis to these following topics:-