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History Mains

Mains Syllabus
Paper ISection A History of India (Down to AD. 750)(i) The Indus Civilization : Origins : Extent; characteristic features, major cities, Trade and contacts, causes of decline, Survival and continutiy.ii. The Vedic Age : Vedic literature, Geographical area known to Vedic texts. Differences and similarities between Indus Civilization and Vedic culture. Political, social and economic patterns. Major religious ideas and rituals.iii. The Pre-Maurya Period : Religious movements (Jainism, Buddhism and other sects). Social and economic conditions. Republics and growth of Magadha imperialism.iv. The Maurya Empire : Sources, Rise, extent and fall of the empire Administration, Social and Economic conditions. Ashoka’s policy and reforms art.v. The Post-Maurya Period (200 B.C.-300 AD.) : Principle dynasties in Northern and Southern India. Economy and society. Sanskrit, Prakit and Tamil, Religion (rise of Mahayana and theistic cults). Arts (gandhara, Mathura and other schools). Contacts with Central The Gupta Age : Rise and fall of the Gupta Empire, the Vakalakas, Administration, society, economy, literature, art and religion. Contacts with South East Asia.vii. Post – Gupta period (B.C 500-750 A.D) : Pushyabhutis. The Maukharis. The later Guptas. Harshvardhana and his times. Chalukyas of Badami. The Pallavas, society, administration and art. The Arab conquest.viii. General review of science and technology, education and learning.


Section B

MEDIEVAL  INDIA  INDIA : 750 A.D. to 1200 A.Di. Political and social conditions; the Rajputs their polity and social structure, Land structure, and its impact on society.ii. Trade and commerce.iii. Art, Religion and Philosohy; Sankaracharya.iv. Maritime activities; contacts with the Arabs, Mutual, cultural  impacts.v. Rashtrakutas, their role in History – Contribution to art and culture. The Chola Empire Local Self Government, features of the Indian village system; Society, economy, art and learning in the Indian society on the eve of Mahmud of Ghazni’s Campaigns; Al-Biruni’s observations.vii. Foundation of the Delhi Sultanate in Northern India; causes and circumstances; its impact on the Indian society.viii. Khilji imperialism, significance and implications, Administrative and economic regulations and their impact on State and the People.ix New orientation of State policies and administrative principles under Muhammed bin Tughluq, Religious policy and public works of Firoz Shah.x. Disintegration of the Delhi Sultanate; causes and its effects on the Indian polity and society.xi. Nature and character of state; political ideas and institutions. Agrarian sturucture and relations, growth of urban centres, trade and commerce, condition of artisans and peasants, new crafts, industry and technology, Indian medicines.xii. Influence of Islam on Indian Culture. Muslim mystic movements; nature and significance of Bhakti Saints, Haharashtra Dharma; Role of the Vaisnave revivalist movement; social and religious significance of the Chaitanya Movement, impact of Hindu Society on muslim Social life.xiii. The Vijay Nagar Empire; its origin and growth; contribution to art, literature and culture, social and economic conditions; system of administration; breakup of the Vijaynagar Empire.xiv. Sources of History : important chronicles Inscriptions and Travellers Accounts.xv. Establishment of Mughal Empire in Northern India : Political and social conditions in Hindustant on the eve of the Babur’s invasion. Babur and Humayun Establisment of the Portuguese control in the Indian ocean, its political and economic consequences.xvi. Sur Administration, political, revenue and military administration.xvii. Expansion of the Mugal Empire under Akbar : political unification; new concept of monarchy under Akbar;s religio-political out-look, Relations with the non-Muslims.xviii. Growth of regional language and literature during the medieval period, Development of art and architechure.xix. Political ideas and institutions; Nature of Mughal State, land Revenue administration; The Mansabdari and the jagirdari systems, the land structure and the role of Zamindaras, agrarian relations, the military organisation.xx Aurangzeb’s religious policy; expansion of the Mugal Empire in Deccan; Revolts against Aurangzeb- Character and consequences,.xxi. Growth of urban centre : Industrial, economy – urban and rural; Foreign trade and commerce. The Mughals and the European trading companies.xxii. Hindu-Muslim relations; trends of integration; composite culture (16th to 18th centuries)xxiii. Rise of Shivaji; his conflict with the Mughals; administration of Shivaji; expansion of the Maratha power under the Peshwas (1707-1761); Maratha political structure under the First three Peshwas; Clauth and Sardeshmukhi; Third Battle of Panipat, causes and effects; emergence of the Maratha confederacy, its structure and role.xxiv. Disintegration of the Mughal Emergence of the new Regional States.

Paper II Section A

Modern India(1757-1947) Historical Forces and Factors which led to british conquest of India with special reference to Bengal, Maharashtra and Sind; Resistance of Indian Powers and causes of their failure.2. Evolution of British Paramonuntcy over princely States.3. Stages of colonialism and changes in Administrative structure and policies. Revenue, Judicial and Social and Educational and their linkages with British colonial interests.4. British economic policies and their impact : Commercialisation of agriculture, Rural indebtedness, Growth of agriculture labour, Destruction of handicraft industries, drain of wealth, Growth of modern industry and rise of capitalist class. Activities of the christian Missions.5. Efforts  at regeneration of Indian society – Socio-religious movements; social, religious, political and economic ideas of the reformers and their vision of future; nature and limitation of 19th Century “Renaissance” caste movements in general with special reference to South India and Maharashtra; tribal revolts, specially in Central and Eastern India.6. Civil rebellions Revolt of 1857, Civil Rebellions and peasant Revolts with special reference to indigo revolt, Deccan riots and Mapplia uprising.7. Rise and growth of IndianNational Movement – Social basis of Indian nationalism policies, Programme of the early nationalists and militant nationalists, militant revolutionary group terrorists rise and Growth of communalism. Emergence of Gandhiji in India politics and his techniques of mass mobilisation; Non-Cooperation, Civil Disobedience and Quit India Movement, Rise and growth of Left-wing within the Congress – The Congress Socialists and communists; British official response to National Movement Attitude of the Congress to Constitutional changes. 1909-1935. Indian National Army. Naval Mutiny of 1946. The partition of India and Achievement of Freedom.